Is muid ag foghlaim, bíonn gá le cúnamh ón ngramadach ó am go ham. Mé ag tosnú ar bheagáinín a fhoghlaim gach lá ag tosnú anseo
- The language is IRISH, not GAELIC.
Gaelic is not a language, but a group of languages. We do need Scotland to address the naming problem. There is no need for the word Gaelic at the end of Scottish Gaelic. The threes are sacred in our culture. We have three Gaelic languages: Irish, Scottish, and Manx.
They are in the Celtic Family of languages and that has another group of languages called Brythonic. There are there Brythonic languages: Welsh, Cornish, and Breton.
Each language has its own dictionary. They are distinct languages, not English with a different accent nor dialects. They do have their own dialects. Irish has three strong distinct dialects: Munster (Gaolainn, Gaeilge na Mumhan), Connacht (Gaeilge Chonnacht) and Ulster (Gaeilig/Gaeilge Uladh). The Celtic languages are Indoeuropean.
2. It is Ancient AND MODERN
We have writing in Irish in Ogham from around 500 – 700 AD. The country and the language suffered waves of invasions. The language evolved and incorporated words from Latin, from Scandanavian languages, and from French and English for example. Old Irish from 700-900 was influenced by Latin. That was followed by Middle Irish 900-1200 with some words from the Vikings influencing the language. That was followed again by early Modern Irish with the invasion of the Normans from 1200-1600.
The English take over did massive damage to the language but she lives and is growing still. Cromwell is considered a monster here, for good reason. Modern Irish is considered to be from 1600 on and now has words for Coronavirus and computers as the language adapts to an ever-changing world.
3. You CAN learn it.
Even in isolation! There are many resources to help you.
- Duolingo (a free app). Remember, the language is called Irish, not Gaelic!
- Dictionaries: teanglann
OK. So what will you learn about Irish Grammar on your first day?
Well, we have one accent mark. It is called a fada and is used to make a vowel long.
Éire is Ireland. It is pronounced Air – a. Eire is burden. It is pronounced Er – a.
Scottish also uses an accent but it goes in the other direction. Gàidhlig is Scottish (often Anglicized as Gaelic and leading to a lot of confusion). So now you can tell if you are reading Irish or Scottish by looking at the direction of the accent.
Mór v Mòr: Mór is Irish and Mòr is Scottish. Both mean big. Right, lesson 1 complete.
caol le caol
pronunciation and spelling
Now you have learned your ABCs, spell your name & we’ll use this frequently ♫.
Gramadach an Lae: The Famous 5 verbs we don’t conjugate
1. ar/arsa Ait, arsa daoine. ar/arsa mean says, said, will say, would say: any tense!
2. dar Ait, dar liomsa freisin. dar is used with le to mean It seems to (me, you etc.)
3. dóbair Dóbair dom dearmad a dhéanamh ar seo. Dóbair + do means almost
4. feadair N’fheadar cén fáth. No preposition, mé. tú…. It means I (or others) wonder
5. is (an chopail) Is fíor seo ar fad. It means is/are for definitions and many expressions
1. Ait, arsa daoine. Strange, people say.
2. Ait, dar liomsa freisin. It seems strange to me too.
3. Dóbair dom dearmad a dhéanamh ar seo. I almost forgot this.
4. N’fheadar cén fáth. I wonder why.
5. Is fíor seo ar fad. All of this is true.
I feel so sorry that people refer to them as defect verbs. That seems defective to me. I stand up for these amazing verbs! The are different and different is essential for the survival of the species so here’s to the weirdos including the weirdo verbs!
Now I go to the dark side because, that’s our default and that’s tomorrow’s lesson.
Phrases with dóbair in am Corona:
1. Dóbair sé mé a mharú: It almost killed me.
2. Dóbair di! It was a near thing for her!
3. Chuaigh sé go dtí an dóbair. It was touch and go.
Raight. Lesson 3 complete.
FOR THOSE WHO KNOW A LOT OF IRISH ALREADY:
Here are wee snippets, one for each day of the year